News

Outbreak of Corona Virus Disease (COVID- 19) in Liberia

55

NEWS SITUATION TRACKING for Liberia

Vol. 01

Location: Monrovia, Montserrado – Liberia

Issue: Outbreak of Corona Virus Disease (COVID19) in Liberia

Date: March 16 – 31, 2020

COMMUNITY PROFILING

Population: Liberia’s population is estimated at 5.6 million1 . The Greater Monrovia area is home to about 25% of Liberia’s population2 .

Basic Demography and Geography of Hotspots: Liberia is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. It shares borders with Sierra Leone in the West, Guinea in the North, Cote d’Iviore in the East. Liberia’s Capital, Monrovia is currently the hotspot of the novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). All of Liberia’s neighbours have recorded a number of confirmed cases posing a risk to cross border spread of the disease.

Ethnicity: Liberia has 16 indigenous ethnic groups accounting for 95% of the country’s population3 .

Significance of the State: Liberia has a larger portion of the upper Guinea forest and also endowed with natural resources including gold and dialond deposits in at least 90% of the 15 sub-political divisions of the country.

CRITICAL STAKEHOLDERS

Direct Actors: The people of Liberia Affected Persons: Residents Barnesville, Paynesville and Central Monrovia .

Interested Actors: The Incidents Management Team (IMT), Ministry of Health (MoH), National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), Liberia National Police (LNP), National Disaster Management Agency, Armed Forces of Liberia, Ministry of Education & National Commission on Higher Education, World Health Organization (WHO), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Diplomatic Missions accredtated near Monrovia, Liberia Council of Churches, National Muslim Council of Liberia, trhe Media and the National Civil Society Council of Liberia.

INCIDENT PROFILING

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This disease was first discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The World Health Organization on March 11, 2020 declared the disease as a “Pandemic”. 6

Since the outbreak, the virus has spread across the globe with more than 1,270,000 confirmed cases reported in over 180 countries and regions as at April 5, 2020. The pandemic has claimed the lives of more than 69,300 people, with more than 259,800 recoveries worldwide (as at April 5, 2020)7 .

Liberia announced its first confirmed positive case of the COVID-19 on Friday March 13, 2020 involving a Liberian who returned home form an official trip to Switzerland. Since then, the country has recorded 13 confimed cases with 3 deaths and 3 recoveries (as at April 5, 2020)8.

As at date, the IMT is following up on 259 cases under observation on a routin basis, while 59 high risk cases are quarantined at the 14th Military Hospital in Lower Margibi County.

Economy:

Currencies: USD GDP: US$3.22 billion GDP per capita: US$541.30 (62%) (All World Bank figures)

Politics: Liberia has a multi-party democratic system with more than 19 political parties. The Government is modeled on the Government of the United States of America and has three distinct branches (Legislature, Executive and Judiciary).

Religion: Christianity: 88.5% (Protestants, Catholic, other Christians) (2008 NHP census)4 Muslim 12.2%, Traditionalist 1.7%, other faith 0.6 (2008 NHP census)5

RISK ANALYSIS

  • The COVID-19 preventive measures and lockdown directives by the Government is intended to limit the spread of the virus in the country. However, the measures also have devastating and long term effects on the economy, business, employment and educational system. The youth and the elderly of the population are the most vulnerable to the pandemic. With a young population (63 per cent less than 25 years and 32.8% is 10-24 years old), mostly comprising ex-combatants who face formidable challenges including limited access to employment, housing and stable sources of income. The pandemic and its aftermath would have a considerable impact on their socio-economic wellbeing9.
  • Given the trends in the spread of the disease in the country and the weaknesses in healthcare systems already affected by the Ebola crisis in 2014 – 2016, the risks of increased cases have the potential to overwhelm the capacity of the existing health systems. This would further aggravate the challenges in healthcare delivery to populations across the country.
  • The spread of the virus would also expose the Government to undertake unbudgeted health and security spending with consequences on the already fragile economic and security situation in the country.
  • The current situation also heightens fear and anxiety among the population that could degenerate into tension and public disorder. Similarly, the handling of the pandemic could stimulate exisiting political tensions with potential to turn violent, targeting security operatives, health care workers and other first responders in the fight to stem the transmission of the virus
  • Enforcing the lockdown measures could also lead to violations and abuses of human rights as well as potential to increase sexual and gender-based violence, especially against women and girls.

RESPONSES

  • The Government declared a “National Health Emergency”, lockdown and other preventive measures to stem the spread of the virus. The Ministry of Health, in accordance with Title 33, Charpter 14 of the Liberian Code of Law as revised, known as, the Public Health Law, declared Montserrado and Margibi Counties as infected areas where travel in and out were discouraged for an incubation period of 21 days in an effort to contain and further prevent the spread of the virus10.
  • All commercial flights were suspended, public gatherings discouraged, bars, night clubs, casinos, entertainment centers, betting centers among others ordered closed, while hand washing in public places and homes made mendatory.
  • A mandatory 14-days quarantine measures instituted for persons coming into Liberia. Citizens have been advised to stay home to cut down on the spread of the virus and safe their respective families and friends.
  • Churches, Mosques, religious centers, and other places of worship ordered closed in observance of preventive measures;
  • Ministry of Education suspended all academic activities in Liberia with immediate effect. RECOMMENDATIONS • The Government through the Incidents Management Team (IMT) ensure that those quarantined at various withholding centers are well taken care of in an effort to reduce level of disenchantment from individuals;
  • The Government should also increase its efforts in strengthening multisectoral and multilateral coordination collaboration with neighbouring countries, and various incountry stakeholders to sustain the fight against the deadly COVID-19 pandemic;
  • The IMT and security agencies to ensure monitoring and enforcement of the 16-counts declarations to prevent the further transmission of the deadly COVID-19 in Liberia;
  • The Ministry of Health and National Public Health Institute of Liberia should prioritize the protection of vunlerables groups, especially the elderly, physically challenged and women, by providing them food, hand washing and sanitizing materials.
  • Civil Society Organizations and other INGOs should support and intensify social mobilization and community awareness in the fight against the pandemic in Liberia. 10 Source: A public declaration released by the Ministry of Health on Saturday, March 21, 2020 (Accessed 4/04/2020).

 

1 Source: “World Population Review” https://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/liberia-population/ (Accessed 4/04/2020) 2 Liberia National Pouplation and Housing Census 2008: www. Source: “World Population Review” https://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/liberia-population/ (Accessed 4/04/2020). 3 Source: Liberian History up to 1847, Dr. Joseph Saye Guannu (Accessed 4/04/2020). 6 WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 March 2020″. World Health Organization. 11 March 2020. (Accessed 11/03/2020). 7 https://www.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6 (Accessed April 1, 2020). 8 Ibid Location: Monrovia, Montserrado – Liberia Issue: Outbreak of Corona Virus Disease (COVID19) in Liberia Date: March 16 – 31, 2020 Situation Tracking is a periodic analytical report designed by WANEP through its National Early Warning System (NEWS) to monitor the changing trends of specific conflict threats as civil society support to peace and security in Liberia 2

. 4 https://www.commisceo-global.com/resources/country-guides/ghana-guide (Accessed 4/04/2020). 5 Ibid 9 UNFPA Liberia Situation Tracking is a periodic analytical report designed by WANEP through its National Early Warning System (NEWS) to monitor the changing trends of specific conflict threats as civil society support to peace and security in Liberia 3

 

232 confirmed cases, 33 recoveries and 5 deaths following the outbreak of COVID-19

Previous article

214 CONFIRMED CASES, 5 DEATHS, 49 DISCHARGED, 3 FULL RECOVERIES OF COVID-19 OUTBREAK IN GHANA

Next article

You may also like

55 Comments

  1. Thank you! This is an astounding webpage! [url=http://telent.ussoft.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=704702]co-amilozide en vente libre en France[/url]

  2. Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.

  3. It’s a game. Five dollars is free. Try it It’s not an easy game ->-> 카지노사이트 .com

  4. It’s a game. Five dollars is free. Try it It’s not an easy game ->-> 토토사이트.com

  5. pin up https://azerbaijancuisine.com/# pin up casino
    pin up kazino

  6. mexican mail order pharmacies [url=https://northern-doctors.org/#]mexican northern doctors[/url] mexican rx online

  7. mexico drug stores pharmacies [url=https://northern-doctors.org/#]mexican northern doctors[/url] best online pharmacies in mexico

  8. mexico drug stores pharmacies [url=https://northern-doctors.org/#]mexican pharmacy online[/url] medicine in mexico pharmacies

  9. purple pharmacy mexico price list: mexico drug stores pharmacies – buying from online mexican pharmacy

  10. mexican border pharmacies shipping to usa: northern doctors – purple pharmacy mexico price list

  11. п»їbest mexican online pharmacies: mexican northern doctors – mexican pharmacy

  12. https://northern-doctors.org/# buying prescription drugs in mexico

  13. purple pharmacy mexico price list: northern doctors pharmacy – mexican rx online

  14. reputable mexican pharmacies online: mexican northern doctors – purple pharmacy mexico price list

  15. mexican rx online: northern doctors pharmacy – mexican border pharmacies shipping to usa

  16. mexican drugstore online: northern doctors pharmacy – best online pharmacies in mexico

  17. mexican drugstore online: mexican pharmacy – mexico pharmacies prescription drugs

  18. http://northern-doctors.org/# mexico drug stores pharmacies

  19. buying prescription drugs in mexico online: northern doctors pharmacy – mexican border pharmacies shipping to usa

  20. pharmacies in mexico that ship to usa: northern doctors pharmacy – mexico drug stores pharmacies

  21. http://northern-doctors.org/# mexico drug stores pharmacies

  22. mexican drugstore online [url=http://northern-doctors.org/#]northern doctors pharmacy[/url] п»їbest mexican online pharmacies

  23. mexico pharmacy: Mexico pharmacy that ship to usa – mexico drug stores pharmacies

  24. http://northern-doctors.org/# best online pharmacies in mexico

  25. mexican rx online: mexican northern doctors – mexico drug stores pharmacies

  26. buying prescription drugs in mexico online: northern doctors pharmacy – mexican mail order pharmacies

  27. https://northern-doctors.org/# mexican pharmaceuticals online

  28. mexican pharmaceuticals online: northern doctors pharmacy – mexican mail order pharmacies

  29. mexican border pharmacies shipping to usa: Mexico pharmacy that ship to usa – medication from mexico pharmacy

  30. purple pharmacy mexico price list [url=https://northern-doctors.org/#]northern doctors pharmacy[/url] reputable mexican pharmacies online

  31. mexican border pharmacies shipping to usa: mexican pharmacy – buying from online mexican pharmacy

  32. mexican rx online: mexico pharmacy – pharmacies in mexico that ship to usa

  33. mexico drug stores pharmacies [url=https://cmqpharma.online/#]cmqpharma.com[/url] best online pharmacies in mexico

  34. https://cmqpharma.com/# mexico drug stores pharmacies
    mexico pharmacy

  35. mexican mail order pharmacies [url=http://cmqpharma.com/#]pharmacies in mexico that ship to usa[/url] buying prescription drugs in mexico online

  36. reputable mexican pharmacies online [url=https://cmqpharma.online/#]best online pharmacies in mexico[/url] buying prescription drugs in mexico

  37. mexican mail order pharmacies
    https://cmqpharma.online/# mexican mail order pharmacies
    mexico drug stores pharmacies

  38. mexican drugstore online [url=https://cmqpharma.com/#]mexican online pharmacy[/url] mexico pharmacy

  39. mexico pharmacy [url=https://cmqpharma.com/#]cmq mexican pharmacy online[/url] mexico pharmacy

  40. mexican mail order pharmacies [url=http://cmqpharma.com/#]cmq pharma mexican pharmacy[/url] purple pharmacy mexico price list

  41. medicine in mexico pharmacies: mexican pharmaceuticals online – mexican online pharmacies prescription drugs

  42. best india pharmacy: buy medicines online in india – Online medicine order

  43. indian pharmacies safe [url=https://indiapharmast.com/#]india online pharmacy[/url] Online medicine order

  44. https://foruspharma.com/# mexican pharmaceuticals online

  45. indian pharmacy paypal: indian pharmacy online – п»їlegitimate online pharmacies india

  46. mexican online pharmacies prescription drugs: pharmacies in mexico that ship to usa – purple pharmacy mexico price list

  47. reputable mexican pharmacies online: best online pharmacies in mexico – mexico drug stores pharmacies

  48. Online medicine order [url=http://indiapharmast.com/#]best online pharmacy india[/url] Online medicine home delivery

  49. https://indiapharmast.com/# india pharmacy mail order

  50. india pharmacy mail order: top 10 online pharmacy in india – indianpharmacy com

  51. indian pharmacy online: buy prescription drugs from india – top 10 pharmacies in india

  52. indian pharmacy online: world pharmacy india – india pharmacy mail order

  53. canadianpharmacyworld [url=https://canadapharmast.com/#]onlinepharmaciescanada com[/url] reliable canadian online pharmacy

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in News